“No words can describe what I am feeling now. For the first time in a thousand-year long history of Russia the President is taking his oath before the citizens of Russia. There is no honour higher than the one people render to his President; and there is no post more prestigious than the one the citizens elect.
Esteemed citizens of Russia and dear friends, I am addressing you today, you in particular, since you have entrusted me with the highest post in the country.
“Citizens of Russia, friends!
I have just sworn the presidential oath, the oath taken before the people of Russia, and its very first lines pledge respect and protection of human rights and freedoms. It is them that our society declares the greatest value, and they determine the sense and the substance of all state policy.
Yeltsin was President of the Russian Federation from June 12th 1991 to December 31st, 1999.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was born on February 1st, 1931 in the village of Butka, Talitsky district, Sverdlovsk region. His father was Nikolay Ignatyevich Yeltsin, mother Klavdiya Yeltsina (Starygina).
Incumbent President of the Russian Federation. He took office on May 7th, 2018. He had previously served in the capacity of the President of the Russian Federation from May 7th, 2000 to May 7th, 2008 and from May 7th, 2012.
He was the second President of the Russian Federation, being elected to this office after the voluntary retirement of his predecessor, Boris Yeltsin. After eight years in office, Vladimir Putin stepped down in accordance with the Constitution, and was the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation.
Mr. Medvedev was President of the Russian Federation from May 7th, 2008 to May 7th, 2012.
Dmitry Medvedev was born in Leningrad on September 14th, 1965. His father, Anatoly Afanasyevich, was the professor with the Leningrad Lensovet Institute of Technology. His mother, Yulia Veniaminovna, philologist, taught at the Gertzen Pedagogical Institute and worked as a guide in a museum. He is the only child in the family.
Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) ran the country from 1917 to 1924.
His real name was Vladimir Ulyanov; Lenin was his party pseudonym. He was born on April 10th (22), 1870 in Simbirsk (currently Ulyanovsk). His father was Ilya Nikolayevich, the inspector of national schools, mother Maria Aleksandrovna. He was married to Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya, who also was a prominent state and party figure.
Joseph Dzhugashvili (Stalin) ran the country from 1924 to 1953.
His real name was Joseph Dzhugashvili; Stalin was his party pseudonym. He was born on December 6th (18), 1878, or officially on December 9th (21), 1879, in Gori, Tiflis province. His party nickname was “Stalin” and “Koba” – that was the name of the noble hero from the novel Particide by A.Kazbegi, which Stalin liked a lot in his youth. His father was Vissarion Dzhugashvili, and his mother – Ekaterina (Ketevan) Geladze. Stalin was married twice: to Ekaterina Svanidze and Nadezhda Alliluyeva.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev ran the country from 1953 to 1964.
He was born on April 5th (17), 1894 in the village of Kalinovka, Kursk province. His father was Sergey Nikanorovich, his mother Ksenia Ivanovna. He was married twice: to Efrosinya Ivanovna Pisareva and Nina Petrovna Kukharchuk. First Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee from 1953 to 1964, Chairman of USSR Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964. Hero of the Soviet Union. Three times Hero of Socialist Labour. The first winner of the Shevchenko Award.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev ran the USSR from 1964 to 1982.
Leonid Brezhnev was born on January 1st, 1907 (December 19th, 1906) in Kamenskoye (currently, the city of Dneprodzerzhinsk), Ekaterinoslavskaya province. His father’s name was Ilya Yakovlevich, mother Natalia Denisovna. His spouse’s name was Viktoria Petrovna. The First Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee since 1964 (Secretary General since 1966) and Chairman of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet from 1960 to 1964, and from 1977 to 1982. Four times Hero of the Soviet Union, Hero of Socialist Labour.